The Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe (FIOE) claims to be an independent organization representing the interests of Muslims in Europe. In reality, the FIOE is an umbrella group that comprises the global Muslim Brotherhood in Europe. Strong links connect FIOE’s leadership central institutions and member organizations to the Brotherhood, as well as to Saudi Arabia. Funding for the FIOE is derived largely from Gulf sources, including some of the ruling families of the United Arab Emirates. The FIOE has strong ties to Hamas and Hamas fund-raising organizations, and some FIOE member organizations show evidence of links with Al-Qaida. The FIOE has recently opened a headquarters office in Brussels and has had some success in positioning itself as a “dialog partner” for the EU and other important institutions. Background The Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe (FIOE) has stated that it is “an independent organization formed in 1989 to cater for the religious, social and cultural interests of Muslims in Europe.”1 The Bavarian state intelligence agency adds that the FIOE was “founded by a resolution passed by representatives of the most important Islamic centers, societies and organizations in Europe.”2 FIOE officials have also said that the idea for the FIOE originated in 1984 with a group of Islamic student organizations from eight countries and this group of organizations went on to create the FIOE in November 1989. The nineteen European Islamic organizations listed as the founding members of the FIOE are almost all known to be tied to the global Muslim Brotherhood.3